About Bronchitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia or BOOP

Boop Pneumonia is bronchiole and lung inflammation and was discovered in 1985 by Dr. Gary Epler. It is therefore a disease that mostly affects the bronchioles and the surrounding lung tissue. The disease causes the airways and the air sacs to inflame and plug with connective tissue. It is however important to note that the disease is not infectious. Boop Pneumonia has often also been referred to as Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP).

Research has shown that Boop Pneumonia is often caused by chronic inflammatory diseases that did already pre exist. It can however, also be caused by as a side effect to certain medication, for example, amiodarone. In addition, the disease may also be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, parasites, transplants and exposure to dangerous and toxic fumes. It has also been established that, people who have gone through cancer treatment are at risk of acquiring Boop Pneumonia.

Like any other disease, it is important to be equipped with information as to the signs and symptoms to look out for before getting proper diagnosis of Boop Pneumonia. Some of the symptoms of the disease include persistent cough, crackles, influenza like symptoms, shortness of breath and mild hypoxemia, among others.

It has however been shown that about 75% of patients do not seek medical help for a period of about two months after developing the symptoms. Many people develop cough, fever, weight loss and fatigue. However, in most cases, it is difficult for doctors to point out that it is Boop Pneumonia. This is because there are no abnormalities that are seen after doing a series of tests on the patient. The only way that the doctor can properly diagnose the disease is if there are constant rales or crackling sounds that the doctor hears, on using a stethoscope.

On subjecting the patient to an x-ray, the examination will show that both lungs have wide spread patches. These results are often followed up by a CT scan before the doctor can make proper diagnosis. In addition, the doctor may also perform a lung biopsy to further confirm the diagnosis.

After diagnosis and knowing the different symptoms of Boop Pneumonia, it is also important that we look at how it can be treated. In many cases, patients have recovered from Boop Pneumonia through Corticosteroid therapy. Many patients start with a dosage of 50mg per day for a period of about six months to one year. In some cases, however, patients who have been treated for Boop Pneumonia never get better but only worse. In other cases, patients that have recovered after the steroid therapy relapse on discontinuing the medication. There have been some cases where the patients recover without any medication whatsoever. Therefore, treatment of the disease highly depends on how wide it has spread. If it is caught early, steroid treatment will, most likely, work. This is the reason as to why, it is very important to go for constant medical checkup.

From the above, it is therefore noted that Boop Pneumonia is a disease that affects the bronchioles and the lung tissue surrounding them.

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