Transmission of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a common disease that affects the lungs and the bronchioles. Pneumonia makes the lungs inflamed, because it causes the air sacs to fill up with fluid and blood thus making it difficult to transport oxygenated blood to the rest of the body’s organs. On filing up with fluid, the lungs become inflamed, stiff and take on an irritating liver like resemblance, thus making it difficult for the Pneumonia patients to breathe properly. The disease is caused by a number of factors, including toxic exposure, viral infections, bacterial infections and fungal infections, among others.

Pneumonia is a very common disease and affects up to ten million people in the developed states. It is important to note that the disease is very deadly and it should not be taken lightly. Therefore, when symptoms of the disease start to manifest, it is important that the patient seeks immediate medical attention. Some of the symptoms include cough, flu and chest pains among others.

Given the seriousness of the disease, it is important for us to examine the different modes of transmission of Pneumonia.

One of the modes of transmission of Pneumonia is by person to person contact. Given the fact that Pneumonia occurs as a result of bacterial infections, these infections can easily be transmitted from one person to another. This could be through a simple hand shake or hug. Therefore, direct contact with patients should be avoided so as to avoid transmission of Pneumonia. To further avoid transmission of Pneumonia, it is important to wash hands regularly with medicated or anti bacterial soap, so as to wash off any Pneumonia bacteria that you might have come into contact with.

Another mode of transmission of Pneumonia is by air. In this way, once a Pneumonia patient coughs or sneezes, bacteria is discharged. Therefore, if you inhale in these bacteria, you are at risk of acquiring the disease. It is therefore a good practice to give a little distance to other people, so as to prevent transmission of certain airborne diseases. As already noted, Pneumonia is a bacterial infection and most bacterial infections can easily be spread through air. In addition, it is important to note that transmission of Pneumonia could be done by children because they usually possess bacteria in their throats even if they don’t show any signs of being sick themselves.

Pneumonia can also be transmitted through entry of bacteria or viruses into the lungs. This can happen during sleep and vomiting. It can happen during vomiting because in the process, it is often common to gasp for air and at this point, bacteria can easily get into the lungs. This type of infection usually occurs if the patient is recovering from another disease that might have weakened their immune system. Upon the vomit or bacteria entering the lungs, a reflex of coughing is produced to expel the foreign element. However, if the immune system is already weakened, transmission is likely to occur.

It is therefore noted that, transmission of Pneumonia occurs like transmission of any other bacterial infection. That is, by air and person to person contact.

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